Is Acetyl-CoA and acetate the same?

No, acetyl-CoA is a compound that is formed when acetate reacts with coenzyme A in the body.

Which can produce Acetyl-CoA?

A number of different molecules can produce acetyl-CoA, including sugar alcohols, ketones, and some amino acids.

What does acetate get converted to?

Acetate is converted to carbon dioxide and water.

Is acetic acid Acetyl-CoA?

No. Acetic acid is not acetyl-CoA.

Where does formation of acetyl-CoA occur?

Acyl groups are oxidized to give acetyl-CoA in the mitochondria.

Which amino acids form acetyl-CoA?

The amino acids that form acetyl-CoA are glycine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, and phenylalanine.

What enzyme converts pyruvate to acetyl-CoA?

Pyruvate dehydrogenase.

Which of the following is true for acetyl-CoA?

Acetyl-CoA is an important molecule in cellular metabolism.

Acetyl-CoA is a molecule that is involved in the synthesis of fatty acids.

Acetyl-CoA is a molecule that is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates.

Acetyl-CoA is a molecule that is involved in the synthesis of cholesterol.

All of the above.

How is acetyl CoA produced from pyruvate?

Pyruvate is converted to acetyl CoA by a multienzyme complex located in the inner mitochondrial membrane. The complex is composed of pyruvate dehydrogenase (E1), dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase (E2), and lipoamide dehydrogenase (E3).

How does pyruvate turn into acetyl CoA?

Pyruvate turns into acetyl CoA when it cannot be used to generate energy in the Krebs cycle and instead is used in fatty acid synthesis.

What are the inputs and outputs of acetyl CoA formation?

Acetyl CoA is formed when a two-carbon acetyl group is combined with coenzyme A. The inputs of this reaction are one acetyl group and one coenzyme A molecule, and the output is one acetyl CoA molecule.

What are the components of acetyl-CoA?

Acetyl-CoA is made up of two parts: an acetyl group and coenzyme A.

How is acetate produced?

There are two methods for producing acetate: chemical synthesis and bacterial fermentation.

The chemical synthesis process begins by reacting ethylene with chlorine to produce ethylene dichloride. Next, ethylene dichloride is reacted with sodium hydroxide to produce sodium chloroacetate. Finally, sodium chloroacetate is reacted with sodium bicarbonate to yield sodium acetate and sodium chloride.

The bacterial fermentation process begins by inoculating a culture of bacteria into a fermentation medium. The bacteria then metabolize the fermentation medium to produce acetic acid. The acetic acid is separated from the fermentation medium and reacted with sodium hydroxide to yield sodium acetate.

What does Succinyl CoA synthetase do?

Succinyl CoA synthetase is an enzyme responsible for the synthesis of succinyl-CoA from succinate and CoA.

What kind of reaction is succinyl-CoA to succinate?

succinyl-CoA + succinate → succinate semialdehyde + CO2

What does succinate dehydrogenase do?

Succinate dehydrogenase is an enzyme that takes part in the Krebs cycle. It catalyzes the oxidation of succinate to fumarate.

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