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What is Article 10 of the Human Rights Act?

Article 10 of the Human Rights Act is a law that protects the right to freedom of expression. It sets out that everyone has the right “to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers.

” This means that individuals have the right to express themselves, to access information, and to share information with each other without interference from government entities. Article 10 guarantees not only the freedom of the press, but also the freedom of individuals to communicate their thoughts and opinions.

To ensure that the Article 10 rights are upheld, the Human Rights Act prohibits any interference from public authority and any restrictions on activities for sharing information and ideas. This includes any restrictions on the media, public studies, discussions, radio, television, and other communication media.

Furthermore, Article 10 also prevents any interference from public authority that might prevent individuals from expressing their opinion or accessing certain information.

While Article 10 guarantees this right to freedom of expression, it isn’t absolute. Under certain circumstances, restrictions can be put in place if they are “prescribed by law and necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, territorial integrity or public safety, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, for the protection of the reputation or rights of others, or for preventing the disclosure of Iinformation received in confidence.

” This means that this right is balanced with the responsibility of governments to protect the safety of its citizens, while still allowing individuals to express themselves freely.

What does Article 10 mean in the Declaration of Human Rights?

Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of their rights and obligations, and of any criminal charge against them.

This means that everyone accused of a crime or any violation of their rights is entitled to a fair trial, with a jury and a judge who are impartial and independent from any influence. The trial must be conducted in a public place, as a part of this article, in order for the public to understand the entire process and for criminals to be held accountable for their actions.

Article 10 is an important aspect of the Declaration of Human Rights, as it ensures that the due process of law is maintained even in cases where individuals are accused of negative or criminal behavior.

Furthermore, it shines a light on transparency and lawfulness in the court system, ensuring that no one can escape an investigation or justice simply because of their economic or social status.

What are 10 fundamental human rights?

The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights outlines the fundamental rights that should be enjoyed by all individuals across the globe. These are the 10 fundamental human rights according to the declaration:

1. The right to life and liberty – This includes the right to live a life free from fear, slavery, and arbitrary deprivation of life.

2. The right to be free from discrimination – No one should be discriminated against on the basis of their race, religion, gender, disability, age, sexual orientation, or any other form of identity.

3. The right to an adequate standard of living – This includes access to adequate food, housing, clean water and sanitation, health care, and social security.

4. The right to education – Every person should have the right to quality education, including primary, secondary, and higher education.

5. The right to access to a legal system – This includes the right to seek legal assistance, to challenge the laws that prevent them from realizing their rights, and to use the court system to seek justice.

6. The right to a free press and access to information – People should have access to reliable, accurate, and timely information and news sources.

7. The right to freedom of opinion and expression – This right includes the freedom to hold opinions without interference, and the right to express those opinions through speaking, writing, and other forms of communication.

8. The right to vote and participate in government – Every adult should have the right to elect government representatives and have a say in the laws and policies that affect their lives.

9. The right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion – Everyone should be allowed to practice any religion of their choice, or to practice none at all, without interference or discrimination.

10. The right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association – People should also be allowed to gather peacefully, express opinions, and form or join societies and organizations.

Is Article 10 effective?

Yes, Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) is generally regarded as effective. Article 10 protects an individual’s right to freedom of expression, including the right to hold opinions and receive and impart information and ideas without interference.

This right is seen as a cornerstone of a functioning democracy since it allows individuals to freely give and receive information as they choose.

The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) has a substantial amount of jurisprudence on freedom of expression and has used Article 10 to rebuke governments for infringing on individuals’ right. The court has consistently held that the right to freedom of expression is an essential precondition for democracy and seeks to protect it from both targeted and general interference from public authorities.

The ECtHR also uses a proportionality test when reviewing claims of interference with the right to freedom of expression. This test determines whether an infringement was justified in light of the seriousness of the interference, its necessity to protect legitimate interests, and if there are any alternative measures that could be used to protect these interests in a less intrusive manner.

The ECtHR has also held that the right to freedom of expression does not include the right to cause offence to other persons.

In conclusion, Article 10 is an effective legal mechanism for protecting individuals’ right to freedom of expression in Europe. The ECtHR has a developed jurisprudence on the matter and robustly reviews claims of interference with this right.

This effectively protects individuals from potential infringement by public authorities, without sacrificing other legitimate interests.

What is Article 10 explanation?

Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights is a procedural article which sets out the rights of those who are subject to any form of public authority or regulation in their rights to a fair hearing.

This applies not only to the state but also to private bodies which exercise public functions, such as universities, local authorities and even employers.

The aim of this article is to ensure that people have their rights protected, irrespective of their race, religion, gender or beliefs. Article 10 states that:

“Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers.


This means that individuals can express their ideas, opinions and beliefs without the risk of any form of state censorship or interference, providing those views are within the law. This could include journalists reporting on stories or citizens blogging, as well as individuals expressing their political and religious beliefs without fear of punishment.

The Article also extends to the right of receiving and imparting information. This is something which is often overlooked but is hugely important. Everyone should be allowed to access, as well as communicate accurate and truthful information and ideas without any further restriction or censorship.

Article 10 also sets out certain limitations to the right of freedom of expression, for example it does not allow for any forms of incitement to violence or hatred, or for a threat to public safety or health.

This is to ensure the rights of others and the protection of the public from harm.

Overall, Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights ensures the individual is protected in their right to freedom of expression and to receive and impart information and ideas, free from interference by public authority.

Why is freedom of expression important?

Freedom of expression is an important right within any society as it allows individuals to express themselves in a way that reflects their identity, values, opinions and beliefs. Freedom of expression allows people to voice their opinions and beliefs in a safe way, as it provides an outlet for creativity and self-expression.

Through this form of expression, people have the opportunity to participate in social and political debates, join protests, and even make artworks.

Freedom of expression has a positive impact on our societies, as it encourages people to share their ideas and thoughts. This in turn fosters debate, which is essential for a healthy democracy, where different perspectives can be heard and respected.

Additionally, it provides a channel for citizens to express their needs and wants, which creates a dialogue between government officials and the people they govern.

The ability to express oneself also empowers individuals to take control of their lives, as they can make their own decisions without fear of persecution. This is especially important for vulnerable or marginalized populations who may not have the resources or channels to make their voices heard.

Ultimately, freedom of expression is vital for an open, tolerant and just society – one in which individuals can distinguish between facts and opinions and make informed decisions about the issues and decisions that shape their lives.

Why is it important that human rights are universal?

It is important that human rights are universal because it ensures that the same standards of equality and respect for basic human dignity are applied to everyone, regardless of their culture, race, gender, nationality, ethnicity, political views, etc.

Universal human rights are a foundation from which all other rights stem from, as they ensure that people are given fair and equal treatment in all aspects of life. Universal human rights also protect vulnerable individuals and minority groups, who without their protection would be subject to discrimination and mistreatment.

Furthermore, they protect individuals from authoritative governments that may try to enforce oppressive measures. By having a set of universally accepted human rights, it guarantees that everyone will be treated in an equitable, fair, and just manner.

Lastly, by accepting and upholding universal human rights, it fosters respect and understanding among people of different cultures, as they can understand that they are all equal and all entitled to the same protections and basic rights, regardless of their differences.

What will happen if there is no freedom of expression?

If there is no freedom of expression, individuals would not be able to freely communicate their opinions and thoughts, resulting in a lack of diversity in ideas and beliefs. A society built on a lack of freedom of expression would likely be oppressive, with no room for open dialogue or debate and no meaningful platforms for airing of grievances.

Without the ability to speak and express their thoughts, an individual’s ability to influence and direct policy would be greatly reduced and the system of government may become extremely stagnant and corrupt.

Citizens would be unable to challenge authority in a meaningful way, resulting in the breeding of totalitarianism and oppression of the common people. With no freedom of expression, people may be hesitant to share ideas, and progress would be immensely hampered.

People living in such a society would be unable to make their voices heard, leading to a severe lack of meaningful change.

Is Article 10 an absolute right?

No, Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights is not an absolute right. Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights, entitled “Freedom of Expression”, states that everyone has the right to freedom of expression, which includes freedom to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers.

However, this right is subject to certain conditions which are allowed under the Convention. These conditions include a restriction on the use of any opinion or expressions that are likely to incite hatred or to be contrary to public order or morality, as long as such restrictions are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society.

Additionally, the European Court of Human Rights has held that the right to freedom of expression is subject to a number of restrictions. These restrictions, which are set out in the Convention itself and may be imposed by national authorities, include the prevention of disclosure of information received in confidence, the protection of the reputation or rights of others, and the protection of national security, public health, public order and the morals of society.

These conditions demonstrate that Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights is not an absolute right, and these conditions reflect the limitations necessary in a society committed to upholding the values of democracy, rule of law and human rights.

What human right is most violated?

Human rights violations come in a variety of forms, and all are cause for concern. However, perhaps the most common and detrimental human right violation is that of the right to life. This includes the rights of all people to live free from extrajudicial killings, unlawful or wrongful deaths, and arbitrary killings.

In some parts of the world, these violations occur on a daily basis, with weapons such as guns, explosives, and chemical weapons being used to kill innocent victims. Political and ethnic violence also continues to be a major problem, with countries such as Syria, Iraq, and Sudan experiencing an ongoing civil war, putting millions of innocent civilians at risk of their right to life being violated.

In addition to the right to life, other rights that are commonly violated include those related to freedom, such as the right to freedom of opinion and expression, freedom of religion and conscience, the right to equality before the law, and the right to education, among others.

Over the past few decades, there has been an upsurge in the unequal treatment of people due to their gender, race, or socio-economic background, which has prevented them from enjoying their full rights as citizens.

Furthermore, due to curbs on freedom of expression, many countries feel unable to speak out about their national issues, or simply lack the resources to do so.

These are only some of the many human rights violations that continue to take place all over the world, with devastating results. It is important to remain vigilant against such violations, and to speak out against them when they occur.

It is also essential to work towards creating a society that values inclusivity, protects fundamental rights for all, and allows for freedom of opinion and expression. Only then will human rights truly be respected and upheld.