BD is short for the French phrase bonjour-début, which literally translates to “hello-start”. The phrase is used to convey a formal greeting and can be used in any social interaction. It’s a part of the French etiquette to say “BD” when meeting someone for the first time or after a long absence.
BD can be used in a variety of settings, including business meetings, conventions, conferences, schools, and even casual conversations. As a sign of respect, BD can be used to greet someone even when they are far away.
It is similar to the English phrase “Good Day”, but with a continental flavor.
How was BD discovered?
BD was discovered in 1981 by Professor Baruch S. Blumberg and his team at the Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia. The group was conducting a study of Hepatitis B, a virus spread through contact with bodily fluids that can cause both acute and chronic Hepatitis.
As part of this study, the team tested thousands of blood samples around the world, in search of potential new treatments or vaccines.
In the samples taken from a small Amazon village in Brazil, Blumberg’s team noticed something unusual—the presence of a new virus, given the name “Hepatitis Delta” or HDV. HDV was thought to be an atypical type of Hepatitis B, since the two viruses are so closely related and share many characteristics.
However, the HDV virus was far more aggressive and much more difficult to treat.
It was only after further study that Blumberg found the virus was actually a separate entity, and not a new strain of Hepatitis B—renamed “Delta Agent” or BD for short. The virus was found to be highly infectious and very resistant to traditional treatments, with a higher associated mortality rate than any other known form of Hepatitis.
The discovery was a breakthrough in medical science, propelling Blumberg to win the Nobel Prize in 1976 and ushering in a new era of research in treating the virus.
Where did Bd originate?
The origin of Bd (also known as Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) is not completely understood, however it is believed to have originated in Africa or South America. Evidence suggests its original host species was likely a species of African clawed frog (Xenopus tropicalis).
Research has shown that Bd began to spread widely across the globe in the 1970s and 1980s, likely riding on the back of the booming international pet trade industry. It is theorized that Bd may have even been transported by humans as humans can act as carriers and be asymptomatically infected by the fungus.
This means that humans are able to spread Bd to naïve populations, despite being unaffected by the fungus themselves.
What is the origin of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis?
The origin of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is still unknown; however, due to its wide prevalence across the world, some experts believe it has been an endemic disease of amphibians for many years.
This zoonotic fungus is believed to have originated from East Asia and has since been spread by global human activities, such as the pet trade and amphibian introductions into novel habitats. Recent phylogenetic studies comparing fungal ITS sequences from different regions around the world have suggested that Bd is a global species, with multiple introductions into new environments and regions.
It has been suggested that it could have been present in Europe since the nineteenth century or before, and later spread from there to the rest of the world. Recent evidence from ancient DNA sources shows that Bdhas existed in some parts of Europe and North America for thousands of years.
This supports the theory that climate change, disease vector range expansion and human activities have increasingly facilitated the spread of Bd over the past 150 years.
What fungal disease is killing frogs?
Fungal disease is one of the leading causes of amphibian decline and extinction globally, and it has been identified as a key factor in worldwide declines in frog populations. The most infamous of the fungal diseases is the chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis), which is responsible for the majority of amphibian extinctions.
This fungus invades an amphibian’s skin, which can prevent the transfer of water and electrolytes, leading to death by cardiac arrest. Other diseases caused by fungi include: Lymphocystis virus, Ambystoma tigrinum virus, Rana virus, and Saprolegnia, just to name a few.
As amphibian populations have declined, the overall environmental health of the planet has been significantly impacted including ecosystem functioning, pollination services, and biodiversity. For this reason, it is important to protect and conserve amphibian habitats to reduce the threats of these diseases and to prevent future epidemics of fungal diseases from devastating amphibian populations.
Is chytrid the first fungi to evolve?
No, Chytrid is not the first fungi to evolve. Fungi are one of the oldest lineages of living organisms, with evidence of the earliest known fungi occurring in the fossil record about 1 billion years ago.
It is believed that these early forms of fungi evolved from even earlier organisms in the deep sea and that, over time, these fungi adapted to a variety of different environments. Chytrid, on the other hand, is a much more recently evolved group of fungi that has only been around for about 400 million years.
It is a relatively young group compared to other fungi and is only found in a few select habitats.
What medical devices does BD make?
BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company) is a leading global medical device manufacturer and technology business. BD offers a wide range of medical devices, such as:
• Needles & Syringes: These products range from single-use syringes, to reusable and specialty syringes, to needles and catheters. BD also provides a comprehensive, single-source offering for needle- and syringe-based drug delivery and infusion systems.
• Diagnostic Solutions: BD provides a wide range of diagnostic systems and services, including rapid diagnostics and point-of-care testing. BD’s integrated solutions enable clinicians to quickly and accurately diagnose and treat patients.
• Medical Supplies & Accessories: BD has an extensive portfolio of medical supplies and accessories, such as infusion systems, specimen collection, sharps disposal products, and wound care and bandaging supplies.
• Drug Delivery Devices: BD manufactures a full line of drug delivery devices, including disposable syringes and pens, auto-injectors, manual injection devices, insulin pumps, and more.
• Medication Management Solutions: BD provides medication management solutions to help clinicians dispense, store, and track medications. BD’s software solutions help clinicians identify, track, and manage drug inventories, in addition to providing patient compliance support.
• Laboratory Automation and Diagnostic Testing Solutions: BD has integrated laboratory automation and diagnostic testing solutions to facilitate laboratory workflow. BD’s solutions enable clinicians to process patient samples quickly and accurately.
What does BD medical make?
BD Medical is a medical technology company that designs and manufactures products for the medical diagnostics, medical research, and medical device markets. They specialize in a variety of medical products, ranging from syringes and needles to specimen collection, to home healthcare products, to device components such as filters, pumps, and valves.
BD Medical also offers custom designed systems and components for their partners and integrators. Their products are designed to improve healthcare, reduce costs, and increase efficiency. BD Medical has a strong focus on safety and quality, and is committed to providing customer-focused technical and engineering services, including development, manufacturing, and testing.
They are known for their reliable designs and systems, their innovative, multifunctional products, and their excellent customer support. BD Medical has significant experience in providing products for the medical laboratory, home care, and device design markets, and are continuing to expand their offerings.
What is BD most known for?
Bangladesh is most known for being a populous and developing country located in South Asia. It has a population of over 163 million people, making it the 8th most populous nation in the world. Bangladesh is often referred to as the “country of rivers” due to the many rivers running through it.
It is also a deltaic landscape and a major hub for South Asia’s agricultural output. The country is renowned for its beautiful landscape which features the Sundarbans (an iconic mangrove forest). Bangladesh is also home to the world’s longest stretch of uninterrupted beach and is home to the world’s largest mangrove forest.
Aside from its beauty, Bangladesh is also known for its growing economy and expanding industry. Its geographic position as part of the South Asian free trade agreement has helped to increase foreign investment and led to notable economic growth.
In terms of cultural identity, Bangladesh is known for its diverse religious and ethnic makeup and has long been a cultural melting pot. It is renowned for its lively art scenes, and vibrant music and festivals which attract numerous visitors each year.
What does BD stand for in medical equipment?
BD stands for Becton, Dickinson and Company, which is one of the world’s largest medical technology companies, specializing in the design, manufacture and sale of a comprehensive range of medical supplies, devices, laboratory equipment and diagnostic products.
Founded in 1897, BD is now a global leader in medical device technology and has presence in over 100 countries. BD provides products to customers internationally including medical research and health organizations, medical diagnostics, medical lab supplies, drug delivery systems, and healthcare administration and support products.
Its products and services address the following areas of healthcare: infection prevention, medication and supply management, safety, laboratory and analytics, respiratory care, anesthesia, diabetes care, digestive health, and skin care.
Its products are used in hospitals, doctors’ offices, clinical laboratories and patients’ homes.
Who is the world’s largest medical device manufacturer?
The world’s largest medical device manufacturer is Medtronic. Medtronic is a global leader in medical technology, services, and solutions. After being founded in 1949, Medtronic has grown to be an innovative leader in the medical device field.
They offer a variety of devices and treatments including cardiac, neuromodulation, spine, and diabetes solutions. Medtronic not only provides solutions to improve patient outcomes, but also strives to develop new technologies that make treatments and diagnosis easier and more precise.
Medtronic operates in over 160 countries, employs 90,000 people, and is a publicly-traded company on the New York Stock Exchange. In 2018, Medtronic reported revenue of over $29 billion, indicating their extensive resources and global reach.
What is the parent company of BD?
The parent company of BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company) is a global medical technology company that operates in more than 170 countries and employs over 60,000 people around the world. The company was founded in 1897 by Maxwell Becton and Fairleigh S.
Dickinson, two partners in a New Jersey medical supply company, and is headquartered in Franklin Lakes, New Jersey. BD has become a leading global medical technology company, providing innovative products and services for a wide range of medical disciplines and patient care.
BD’s products and services include advanced medical devices, systems and technology, as well as a variety of pharmaceuticals, diagnostic and laboratory reagents, membrane filtration systems and cell culture media.
Their mission is to improve patient care and reduce cost by delivering solutions that help our customers diagnose, treat and prevent disease, which is why their products are used in hospitals, clinical and diagnostic laboratories, research institutions, biopharmaceutical manufacturing and home healthcare.
Who are BD Biosciences competitors?
BD Biosciences is a global life sciences company that provides innovative analytics, reagents, instruments, and services to customers in research and clinical laboratories. The company’s primary competitors are Abbott, Siemens Healthineers, Roche Diagnostics, Danaher, Becton Dickinson, Thermo Fisher Scientific, and Ortho Clinical Diagnostics.
Abbott is a global healthcare company that produces a variety of products such as diagnostics, devices, nutritionals, and branded generic pharmaceuticals. Siemens Healthineers is a leading medical device technology company that specializes in healthcare IT, medical imaging, laboratory diagnostics and clinical software solutions.
Roche Diagnostics is a medical device manufacturer that specializes in diagnostic test systems, reagents, and automated instrumentation. Danaher is a firm focused on developing cutting edge scientific, medical and industrial testing technologies.
Becton Dickinson is a global medical technology company that develops and manufactures a number of medical supplies and equipment for the professional, medical and life sciences fields. Thermo Fisher Scientific is a global leader in providing laboratory products, services, and solutions to enhance customers’ knowledge and understanding of life sciences, applied sciences, health sciences, and clinical diagnostics.
Finally, Ortho Clinical Diagnostics is a global leader in in vitro diagnostics and provides solutions to multiple facets in the field, including the healthcare and research fields.
What is culture in BD?
Bangladesh is a small south Asian country with a rich and diverse culture that has been shaped by its long history. Its culture has been influenced by its historical religious and linguistic diversity, as well as by the diverse ethnic and regional traditions of the area.
Bangladesh’s culture is deeply rooted in its religion of Islam, with over 90% of its population being Muslim. This religion has infused its art, music, poetry, literature, and architecture with a distinctive influence.
The traditional folk music of Bangladesh often draws on Islamic influences, such as Sufi chants and devotional songs. Bangladeshi poetry and literature frequently portrays Islamic themes, and these forms of art are often accompanied by classical instruments, such as the sitar.
Bangladesh’s culture is also influenced by the ancient Hindu and Buddhist religions that still exist in the region, including Vedic traditions and philosophies. These religious beliefs have also left their mark on the festivals and celebrations that are held in Bangladesh.
The country is known for its colorful and lively festivals, such as the colorful Holi festival and the grand Pohela Boishakh celebration, which marks the start of the Bengali New Year.
In addition to its religious heritage, Bangladesh is also home to a variety of traditional arts and crafts, such as batik, block-printing, weaving, pottery, and jewelry-making. These traditional crafts are often used to make colorful garments, bags, toys, and other home accessories.
The people of Bangladesh are also known for their hospitality and generous spirit. Hospitality is an important aspect of Bangladeshi culture, and visitors to the country are often welcomed warmly. This hospitality is further expressed in the cuisine of Bangladesh, which is known for its rich and flavorful dishes.
Overall, Bangladesh’s culture is a unique blend of religious influences, traditional arts and crafts, and welcoming hospitality, making it a fascinating and colorful mix that offers something for everyone.
Is BD a 3rd world country?
No, BD is not a 3rd world country. BD is the acronym for the country of Bangladesh and is officially classified as a developing nation. This means that while it is not as developed as some of the world’s wealthier nations, it is still much further ahead than many other countries that are classified as “third world”.
Bangladesh has maintained a healthy economic growth rate over the past two decades and is home to a large and increasingly educated population that is making significant progress in terms of urbanization and access to better living standards.
Far from a third-world country, Bangladesh has made impressive strides in recent years and its economy is currently ranked as the 34th largest in the world on a purchasing-power basis.